The human eye is one of the most wonderful machines in the world. The human eye is not only useful for seeing but also helps in converting important visual cues and information into perceptions and stimulus that is received by the brain to form appropriate responses.
The eye helps the brain receive important information, identify threats to the body, perceive things, and make sense of them. Damage to the eye needs to be rectified by consulting an Ophthalmologist or an eye doctor.
The best eye hospital in Kolkata has some of the most prominent eye surgery technologies and advanced machines that help detect eye issues and present solutions to correct and rectify them. There are many kinds of issues that can cause problems with vision and how the eye performs. Eye surgery is the solution for most of these issues.
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The Human Eye
The eye consists of important parts such as the Cornea, The retina, the Sclera, The Optic Nerve, and the eye muscles that hold up the eye in its position and shape. Problems with any of these parts can cause vision problems, excessive pressure, or lack of vision in the eye.
In most cases, simple eye surgery can rectify the issue as most eye surgeries are short duration and recovery is also pretty fast. There are many kinds of issues that eye surgery addresses such as:
- Problems with eye muscles (loosing or tightening of eye muscle)
- Problems with vision (focal point adjustments and Cornea thickness correction)
- Another problem with Eye pressure (Glaucoma)
- Problems with excessive skin growth (Cataract)
- Detachment of Retina (Accidental damages to the eye)
These are some of the issues that can be addressed by an Ophthalmologist at the best eye hospital in Kolkata. With the advent of medical technology and advanced surgery equipment, it is easier to complete these surgeries with minimal invasion and with faster recovery time periods.
Common Eye Surgeries
Lasik is one of the most common eye surgeries. A surgeon uses a laser beam to change the shape and thickness of the cornea to reduce the focal point and help patients with nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
A cataract is another common surgery that is done to remove the sheer layer of skin that develops on the cornea due to age and muscle degeneration in the eye. This also uses a laser beam to simply remove the skin by advanced precise machines.
This is done by an eye surgeon to remove the excess pressure on the eye by inserting a needle into the sclera and removing the excess fluid that fills the eye. This way, the pressure is relieved and the patient is able to see clearly again.
Preparing for Eye Surgery
Eye surgeries have become more routine than ever today. Most eye surgeries require very less preparation and a short recovery time. Hospitalization is rarely needed and only in the case of complex eye surgeries such as Retinal Detachment. The Ophthalmologist would advise on the need for anesthesia for the procedure.
Once the surgery is completed, the eye is patched so that direct light does not enter the eye for the first couple of hours. Translucent eye gear is then provided so that normal function can be restored. Eye lubes such as liquids or gels are given to artificially keep the eye from drying and causing irritation. Soon enough, the patient is able to recover with full functionality.