Laws every landlord and tenant should know
Many laws govern the relationship between landlords and tenants in the US. Whether renting a room for the night or buying your first home, it’s essential to understand which rules apply to your situation. In this article, we’ll look at what each law says and how it can impact your landlord-tenant relationship. From tenant obligations to landlord rights and responsibilities, you’ll be armed with information before you start looking for an apartment or a home.
1. Managing Evictions
In the event of a conflict with your landlord, you have the right to contest an eviction. More specifically, if your landlord tries to evict you without proper notice or in violation of law, or if they refuse to comply with a court order, you can get your landlord in court. You may need an attorney, but don’t be put off by this. In general, landlords operate without the legal right to evict tenants for exempt rental units and for units covered by rent control.
2. Dealing with Criminal Activity Within A Rental
Under the Criminal Organized Crime, Enterprise, and racketeering laws, a landlord can fight back against criminals who use their rental as a base for illegal activity. Property owners who are victims of crimes such as drug dealing or prostitution are also protected by these laws. In general, it’s best to contact the police first before filing a complaint with HUD due to the time involved in processing complaints.
3. Protecting Your Lease
If you’re lucky enough to have a lease, you may have some additional protections, such as the right to live in your apartment for a set amount of time. There are, however, ways that your landlord can get rid of you without finding any legal grounds. You can be evicted if you violate your lease or cause a nuisance. So, it’s best to read over the lease agreement before you sign it carefully and make sure that you understand the terms.
4. Dealing With Discrimination
If you’re a minority living in an apartment complex, you may be concerned about expressing your culture or practicing your religion. You can express yourself freely in the US, so long as it doesn’t cause a nuisance or affect anyone else on the property. You can also openly practice any religion if it’s not disrupting anyone else.
5. Dealing with Abandoned Property
If your landlord dies or is forced to leave the property due to bankruptcy, you might become the owner of their personal belongings. You’ll need to contact the police first so they can take any belongings that were stolen or abandoned. You should also keep detailed records of everything that you find and send a list to the family members of your landlord.
6. Right to Privacy
All tenants have a right to privacy. This means that your landlord needs to give you notice before entering your home and that they should only do it when necessary. You are also entitled to live in a rent-controlled apartment without being forced out if the owner wants to move in or raise rents.
7. Rent Payments and Allowances
Your landlord is not allowed to put the rent in an escrow account, which means that you should save it up before you sign any agreements. Your landlord can only charge you for utilities and repairs. Still, this rule has some exceptions if the apartment is damaged by a tenant or specifically rented for student housing. The landlord could charge you for cable or broadband if another tenant damaged the equipment with no maintenance agreement in place.
8. Credit History
When you apply for any loan, the lender may ask for your credit history, whether for an apartment or car. The landlord may also ask for a credit check, so it’s essential that your landlord gives you a copy of the report and knows where you are getting the money from.
9. Early Termination
In some cases, you are allowed to end your tenancy before the lease is up. This is known as “abandonment.” In the case of domestic violence, some protections and benefits give you the right to leave your apartment and terminate the lease.
In conclusion, you must understand everything contained in the lease. Tenants have specific rights and responsibilities, and landlords are also obligated to respect them. Renting apartments like Prose Champions can help you stay protected.